Software and package management
There are many different ways to install software on Linux.
The system package manager
Most software is installed using the system package manager. There are many different package managers, and each one has its own unique features and benefits, such as:
- APT (Used by Debian, Ubuntu, and many other Linux distributions)
- Pacman (Used by Arch Linux)
- Yum (Used by older versions of Fedora and Red Hat)
- DNF (Used by Fedora)
- XBPS (Used by Void Linux)
- Portage (Used by Gentoo, and Chrome OS)
Ultramarine Linux is based on Fedora, and thus uses the DNF package manager.
To install an RPM package from the Ultramarine and Fedora repositories, use the
sudo dnf install steam # Install Steam
You can also install groups of packages, like full desktop environments or a suite of tools for music production, using the
dnf groupinstall command.
sudo dnf groupinstall "Audio Production" # installs multiple packages at once, in this case a suite of music/audio production tools
Other package managers
You can also install software using other package managers.
There are many different user-only package managers, such as:
- Steam (For games)
Flatpak is supported out of the box in Ultramarine Linux. To install a Flatpak app, open GNOME Software or AppCenter, or use the
Snap is a package manager made by Canonical for Ubuntu. It was created to make deploying serverside services easier, and it is also used for GUI applications.
To get started, install Snap.
sudo dnf install snapd # Install Snap
Then, open the Snap store and search for the app you want to install.
# Install VLC media player sudo snap install vlc
To install a game on Steam, first install Steam.
sudo dnf install steam
Then, open the Steam store and search for the game you want to install.
Other installation methods
AppImages are self-contained binaries that are packaged with their own dependencies. To use an AppImage, simply download it, and then execute it by double-clicking it or using the command line.
Install from source
Sometimes, software is not available in a package, and you need to build it from source.
To do this, follow the developer's instructions and build the software yourself.